Agenda 21 Climate Change

The Great Climate Change Hoax

According to the data by real scientist and weather enthusiasts; an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide increase the green vegetation and lushness on the planet but eventually leads to an ICE-AGE.  Why were we told for so long that ‘global warming’ was a thing when actually it’s not?  They only changed the name to “Climate Change” because a focus group responded better to that terminology.

Executive Secretary Simon Stiell called for aligning “every corner of human activity” with the 1.5°C goal, saying “Paris 2015 gave us the agreement and Katowice 2018 and Glasgow 2021 gave us the plan, Sharm el-Sheikh 2022 shifts us to implementation.”

Timeline of Important Events

1979 First World Climate Conference (WCC)
1988 IPCC established
1990 In November IPCC and the second WCC called for a global treaty on climate change and in December UN General Assembly Negotiations on a Framework Convention began.
1992 The text of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is adopted at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
1994 UNFCCC enters into force
1995 COP 1 (Berlin, Germany)
1996 August:  The UNFCCC secretariat relocates from Geneva to its current home in Bonn(Germany), paving the way for the city to become an international sustainability hub and home to 18 UN organizations.
1997 COP 3 (Kyoto, Japan) Kyoto Protocol adopted- The Protocol legally binds developed countries to emission reduction targets.
1998 Buenos Aires Plan of Action
2001 COP 6-2(second part of 6th COP)

  • The COP 6-2 took place from 16 to 27 July 2001 in Bonn, Germany.
  • A major breakthrough is achieved at the second part of the sixth Conference of the Parties meeting in Bonn, with governments reaching a broad political agreement on the operational rulebook for the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.
2001 COP 7 (Marrakesh, Morocco).  Resulted in the Marrakesh Accords, setting the stage for ratification of the Kyoto Protocol. This formalized the agreement on operational rules for International Emissions Trading, the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation along with a compliance regime and accounting procedures.
2002 COP 8 (New Delhi, India) Delhi Declaration. The Delhi Declaration focuses on the development needs of the poorest countries and the need for technology transfer for mitigating climate change.
2005 (February 16) Entry of Kyoto Protocol into force with the Russian Federation ratification to the Kyoto Protocol, sealing its entry into force.
2005 COP11/CMP1 (December)  The first Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (MOP 1) takes place in Montreal.
2006 In January the Clean Development Mechanism, a key mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol, opens for business.  The CDM is one of the Flexible Mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol that provides for emissions reduction projects which generate Certified Emission Reduction units (CERs) which may be traded in emissions trading schemes.
2007 COP13:  Parties agreed on the Bali Road Map and Bali action plan, which charted the way towards a post-2012 outcome. The Plan has five main categories: shared vision, mitigation, adaptation, technology and financing.
2008 COP 14, Poznan (Poland):

  • The launch of the Adaptation Fund under the Kyoto Protocol and
  • The Poznan Strategic Programme on Technology Transfer.
2009 COP15 (Copenhagen): Copenhagen Accord drafted. Developed countries pledge up to USD 30 billion in fast-start finance for the period 2010-2012.
2010 COP 16 (Cancun):

  • Resulted in the Cancun Agreements, a comprehensive package by governments to assist developing nations in dealing with climate change.
  • The Green Climate Fund, the Technology Mechanism and the Cancun Adaptation Framework are established.
2011 COP 17 (Durban): Governments commit to a new universal climate change agreement by 2015 for the period beyond 2020.(Resulted in the Paris Agreement of 2015)
2012 COP18/CMP8 (Doha):

  • The Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol is adopted.
  • COP18 also launched a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
2013 COP19/CMP9 (Warsaw):

  • Key decisions adopted include:
    • Further advancing the Green Climate Fund and Long-Term Finance,
    • The Warsaw Framework for REDD Plus and the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage.
2015 COP 21 (Paris):

  • Paris Agreement adopted. It aims:
    • To keep global temperatures “well below” 2.0C (3.6F) above pre-industrial times and “endeavor to limit” them even more, to 1.5C
    • Rich countries should help poorer nations by providing “climate finance” to adapt to climate change and switch to renewable energy.
    • The agreement requires rich nations to maintain a $100bn a year funding pledge beyond 2020.
2016 COP22 (Marrakech):

  • A crucial outcome of the Marrakech climate conference was
    • To move forward on writing the rule book of the Paris Agreement.
    • Launched the Marrakech Partnership for Climate Action.
2017 COP23, Bonn (Germany):

  • Countries continued to negotiate the finer details of how the agreement will work from 2020 onwards.
  • The first set of negotiations since the US, under the presidency of Donald Trump, announced its intention earlier this year to withdraw from the Paris deal.
  • It was the first COP to be hosted by a small-island developing state with Fiji taking up the presidency, even though it was being held in Bonn.
2018 COP 24, Katowice (Poland):

  • It finalized a “rulebook” to operationalize the 2015 Paris Agreement.
  • The rulebook covers climate financing facilities and the actions to be taken as per Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).
2019 COP25, Madrid (Spain) There were no concrete plans regarding the growing climatic urgency.
2021 COP 26, Glasgow (UK):

  • New Global and Country Targets: The Glasgow Summit has urged countries to consider strengthening their 2030 targets by COP27 to be held in Egypt.
  • The summit targeted global warming not to exceed +1.5°C and got about 140 countries to announce target dates for bringing emissions down to net zero.
  • India has also joined the consensus and announced its net-zero target of 2070.
  • India also suggested a middle path calling for a “phase-down” of coal-based power.
  • A potentially important development that emerged out of COP26 (but outside the COP process) is the Glasgow Breakthrough Agenda endorsed by 42 countries (including India).
  • Also, a mechanism is being put in place to achieve the target of climate financing of USD 100 billion by 2023.
2022 COP 27 Sharm El Sheikh, (Egypt) 

  • COP27 closed with a breakthrough agreement to provide loss and damage funding for vulnerable countries hit hard by floods, droughts and other climate disasters.
  • Countries reaffirmed their commitment to limit global temperature rise to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
  • Mobalising more financial support for Developing Countries
  • New focus on accountability when it comes to the commitments made by sectors, businesses and institutions. The transparency of commitments from businesses and institutions will be a priority of UN Climate Change in 2023.
  • Making the pivot towards Implementation. Executive Secretary Simon Stiell called for aligning “every corner of human activity” with the 1.5°C goal, saying “Paris gave us the agreement and Katowice and Glasgow gave us the plan, Sharm el-Sheikh shifts us to implementation.”

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